The avocado tree has bulky foliage, with bright leaves and flowers that grow in clusters. Ideally, avocado grows best in somewhat deep, loose, neutral pH soils, with good drainage. The optimum temperature for development is 20 ºC, in areas with good sunlight. Its high nutritional power makes avocado (and especially the oil extracted from it) an ingredient that is currently gaining ground among consumers. In our operations in Peru, we produce the Hass avocado variety.
It is an evergreen crop, with a circular upright trunk of a vigorous appearance. Its surface roots extend to 1.5 m deep. It has few root hairs. It has alternate petiolate leaves; they may have the color of the lamina, or the upper blade of the leaf may be dark green and the underside may be light green.
Its peel is rough and brittle. When it matures, the color changes from green to dark purple. It is not fibrous but rather creamy; its oil content varies from 10 to 12%. It is highly nutritious since it contains all the vitamins from the plant kingdom (A, B, C, D, E, K), minerals (potassium, manganese, magnesium, iron and phosphorus), and proteins.
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