Over the centuries, the different orange varieties have evolved to suit particular climatic conditions and the individual preferences of each population. Beyond its multiple industrial applications, the fruit is much valued around the world for its healthy properties, especially Vitamin C, and its fresh juice, which is highly appreciated in different societies around the world. San Miguel produces and commercializes Navel (and its different varieties), Salustiana, Valencia and Primor.
It is a mid-season maturing variety, since it reaches maturity in June. The size of most of the fruits varies from medium to large. It has high juice content, good flavor, and the fruit is seedless. Rind is thin and smooth, with an outstanding deep orange color. Depending on the climatic conditions, it may have blood orange dyes.
Salustiana trees are vigorous, well developed and very productive. The fruit is medium to large size, with a finely pebbled and medium-thick rind. The flesh is especially tender and very smooth in appearance, which makes it quite distinct from other varieties. It is virtually seedless, with a fine, rich and sweet flavor.
Valencia trees are vigorous, upright, large and very prolific. Fruit is medium to large size and roundish-oblong in shape. The rind is well colored, moderately thin and of smooth, but sometimes finely pebbled texture. The flesh is well colored, with a very high juice content of outstanding color and good flavor. It is the latest maturing of all sweet orange varieties. Valencia juice has excellent processing characteristics, including a deep orange color, and the fruit ships and stores exceptionally well.
Varieties: Turkey, Midknight, Delta, Valencia Late.
Navel oranges can be recognized at a glance by a small secondary fruit embedded in the apex of the primary fruit. Although this characteristic is sometimes found in other oranges, and particularly in mandarins, it is never consistent and varies depending upon climatic factors. Generally speaking, Navel oranges are the largest oranges among orange varieties. They produce seedless fruit, with deep orange rinds that are easily peeled, and have a sweet and pleasant flavor. They may be of early, mid-season or late maturity.
Their trees are less vigorous and less productive than many other varieties, and have little climatic adaptability, thus its cultivation requires more dedication and knowledge.
Varieties: M7, Fukumoto, Newhall, Cara Cara, Navel Late, Cambria, Witkrans, Autumn Gold.
|Months of the year||January||February||March||April||May||June||July||August||September||October||November||December|